TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction)

TMJ/Jaw Pain

The temporomandibular joint, called TMJ, acts like a sliding hinge connecting the lower jaw to the skull
base. Located on either side of the head, the TMJ work together when you swallow, chew, and talk.
Each TMJ has a soft cartilage disc that acts as a cushion between the bones of the joint and skull base.
Any problems that prevent this complex system of ligaments, muscles, discs, and bones from working
properly may result in painful TMJ disorder.



Possible causes of TMJ pain:

Disc displacement or disc erosion
Sleep Bruxism (grinding)
Misaligned teeth
Cartilage damage by arthritis
Ear pain
Noises in the ear
Limited mouth opening

Risk factors of TMJ:

Arthritis of various types
Jaw injury
Rheumatologic concerns
Long term grinciing/clenching of teeth
Certain connective tissue diseases
Chronic ear pain
Sleep apnea

Diagnosis is a step before treatment.

If you have a disc joint misalignment, it is a true structural issue and needs to be addressed.
Complementary and alternative medicine techniques (acupuncture, chiropractic, relaxation, and
biofeedback) may help in the short term, but long term therapy would include occlusal appliances with
possible physical therapy.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of TMJ, we encourage you to contact our office today to schedule an appointment.